About BiH

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula, with territory covering just over 51,000 square kilometres, and approximate population of 3,5 million.

Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a parliamentary democracy. It is a member of the UN, OSCE, Council of Europe, PfP, and CEFTA. The country is an applicant for membership to the European Union and has been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan.


Official name:  Bosnia and Herzegovina (most commonly abbreviated as BiH)

Capital city:  Sarajevo (population 500.000)

Other major cities:  Banja Luka, Bihać, Mostar,Tuzla, Zenica

Geographic location:  South Eastern Europe, borders with Croatia (932km), Serbia (312km) and Montenegro (215km)

Area:  51.209 km2

Population:  3.50 million

Religions:  Muslim (44%), Orthodox Christian (32%), Roman Catholic (17%), Others (7%)

Ethnic groups:  Bosniaks, Serbs, Croats and others

Languages:  Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian (all official)

Administrative organization:  Two entities (Federation of BiH and Republika Srpska) and Brcko District of BiH

Government Structure:  BiH is a parliamentary democracy with a bicameral parliament (House of Representatives and House of Peoples), a three-member rotating presidency, a Council of Ministers, and Constitutional Court

GDP:  20.0 billion USD (2019)

GDP per capita:  6.065 USD (2019)

Currency:  Konvertibilna Marka (BAM-official; KM-common use)

Exchange rate:  1 EUR = KM 1.95 (fixed exchange rate)

Landforms:  A very hilly country with the Dinaric mountains dominating the landscape. The highest point, mountain Maglic, rises to 2,387m. Thick forests cover almost 50% of the land. In the north, along the Sava River valley, a hilly, fertile plain stretches east to west. The country has 23 km of coastline in the southwest of the country, providing access to the Adriatic Sea.

Climate:  Winters can be very cold with a lot of snow, especially in the hills and mountains. Summers are generally warm and comfortable.

Latitude/longitude:  44 N, 18 E

Time zone:  CET (GMT + 1 hour)

Internet domain:  .ba

Int. telephone code:  +387

Official institutions websites: